A COMPENDIUM OF THE HOSTS OF ANIMAL PARASITES CON- TAINED IN WARD AND WHIPPLE’S FRESH-WATER BIOLOGY

COMPILED BY HH. J. VAw Creavt: University of Hlinois

Ward and Whipple's Fresh-water Biology contains by far the most comprehensive treatment of the animal parasites of the North American fauna that has ever been published. The chapters dealing with the parasitic worms, represent contributions, on the part of Professor Henry B. Ward, not only in a compilation of results of almost innumerable researches of varying magnitude but also in the inclusion of extensive data based upon previously unpublished records. Much of this information of especial interest to parasitologists and to field zoologists is not available for ready reference because the names of hosts mentioned in the text are not in- cluded in the general index of the book.

For personal use the present writer prepared a compendium of the hosts mentioned in the Fresh-water Biology. This proved so valuable an aid and received such favorable comment from workers to whom the manuscript was shown that it was considered desirable to put it into a form in which it could be generally available.

The authors of the Fresh-water Biology have made no attempt to include complete check lists of the hosts in the chapters dealing with parasitic forms, yet in many instances references are inclusive enough to be of great value as a point of departure in determining the recorded parasitic fauna of any given host animal. In using this compendium it should be recalled that in many instances only one or a few typical species are listed for each genus and even the hosts of such species as are cited do not constitute full check lists. Doubtless there have been nu- merous erroneous determinations of hosts in the works from which the host lists have been assembled but host names have been quoted directly as they stand in the original citations without attempt at verification. Asa result, some of the names of hosts current in the older literature appear along with the valid names of the same species in this compendium.

In many instances where there seems to be no fixed specificity of hosts, as well as in the discussion of families and genera of parasites, group names such as ‘fish,’ ‘birds,’ or ‘water birds,’ are used frequently.

In the chapters dealing with Protozoa the parasitic forms have not received the attention of the writers, consequently the great group of Sporozoa and all other parasitic protozoans have received no treatment in this compendium.

195

196 H. J. VAN CLEAVE

To facilitate locations of words on the page in referring back to the text, specific, generic, vernacular, or group names have been used in the compendium as they stand in the text reference. In a few instances cross references have been.inserted between vernacular and scientific names, but in such instances the page references to the two names have not been assembled. This is due to the belief that the inconvenience of cross citation is less than the confusion resulting from the necessity of visualizing both vernacular and scientific names while scanning the printed page in

search for a given reference.

A host name cited under a given page reference may appear more than

once on that page.

A direct means of determining the groups of parasites listed for any given host without necessitv of referring back to the text is afforded by reference to the following list of page inclusions for the various groups

containing parasitic forms:

Trematoda 374-424 Cestoda 429-451 Nematoda 520-535 Gordiacea 537-542 Acanthocephala 545-551 Rotatoria 553-620 Discodrilide 644 Hirudinea 646-660) Copepoda 782-788 Malacostraca 841-850 Hydracarina 851-874 MAMMALIA skunk 522 ‘mammals’ 390, 404, 440, 441, 442, HH, 447, wapati 389

522, 549

beaver 386

cat 390, 393, 447

cattle 389, 409

Didelphis virginiana 410

dog 390, 523

Lepus 409

man 389, 409, 432, 433, 434, 521, 522, 523, 534, 656

mink 522, 523, 530 muskrat 383, 386, 391, 404, 447, 451, 522, 534, 535 i

Mustelidae 522 otter 522, 523

pig 390

seals 433, 523, 549 sheep 389, 408

weasel 522 whales 433 wolf 523 AWES ‘bird’ 402, 404, 409 ‘birds’ 410, 441, 442, 443, +H, 446, 447, 448, 526, 549, 550 Anas platyrhynchos 388 Anseriformes 449, 548 Ardea herodias 410, 524, 527, 552 Ardea minor 391 bittern 532 Botaurus lentigenosus 350, 551 Bolaurus minor 526 canvas back 442 chicken 391, 402, 446 coot 443

DEPARTMENT OF METHODS

cormorant 533

crane 444

crow (‘fish’) 446

duck 411, 441, 442, 447

egret (see Herodias)

eider duck 549

Gallinago wilsoni 382

Garia immcr 391 (see loon)

geese 442, 447

grebe 440, HS

grebe (horned) 448, 449

gull 440, 442, 446 (see Larus)

Herodias cgrettu. 549

‘heron’ 408, 440, 444, 445, 532

heron (green) +44

heron (little blue) 444

herring gull 408

‘ibis’ 448

kingfisher 525

Larus philadelphia 391

loon 440 (see Gavia)

pelican (brown) 533

pelican (white) 433, 333

pintail-duck 442

Plotus anhinga 524 (see water-turkey |

Porzana carolina 549

scoter 442

scoter (American) 449

scoter (black) 391

shore birds 442, 444, 445

snipe (grey) 382

Somateria dressert 549

sparrow (English) 384

spoonbill 444

spoonbill (roseate) 445

stilt (blacknecked ) 447, 448

waterbirds 401, 431, 432, 442, 443, 446, 447, 548

water turkey 523, 533 (see Plotus)

wood-ibis 531

REPTILEA

alligator 382, 408

Alligater lucius 410

Alligator mississippicusis 391. 530, 531, 532 Amyda 402

Ancistrodon piscivorus 439

slromochelys carinatus 376

Aromochelys odoratus 370, 377, 397 Aspidonectes 402

197

Buscanion constrictor 405

Chameleon 400

Chelonura ser pentita 524

Chelydra serpentina 376, 384, 387, 396, 529

Chrysemys marginata 377, 385, 394

Chrysemys picta. 304

Cinosternim peunsylvaniciun 316

Cistudo curolina 522, 524, 533

‘Emys’ 546

Emys guttata 52

Emys scripla 529 52

garter snake 407

Heterodon platyrhinus 405, 400, 407 Malacoclemmys geogra phicus 546 Malacoclemmys lesucurti 378, 380 Nanemys guttata 528

Natris rhombifer 407, 430 Pseudemys 387

Pseudemys elegans 546

Pseudemys scripta 317

snakes 405, 438

terrapin (common, food-) 376. 380, 531 Trionyx ferox 378

Tropidonotus rhombifer 406 Tropidonotus sipedon 406, 520 turtles 385, 433, 526, 052

A NZEDIB CY amphibians 398, 399, 404, 408, 434, 438, 449, 3:02 95:17 `

\mblystoma 399

Amdlystoma mexicanum 328

al mdlystoma tigrinum 438

Anura 400. 403

Bufo 399

Bufo americana 522, 533

Bufo lentigenosus 521

Cryptobranchus alleghaniensis 525

Dicmyctylus viridescens 547

frog 382, 399, 400, 402, 404. 387, 108, 411. 052, 654

Necturus lateralis 379

Necturus maculosus 439

Runa catesbiana 408

Rana dtalecina 531

Rana pipiens 410. 524, 530

salamander 382, 309

Salamandra rubra 333

Siredon mexicanus 328, 533

198

PISCES

fishes 382, 398, 401, 408, 411, 433, 434, 523, 524. 528, 529, 547, 551, 652, 653, 654, 655

Acipenser (European) 392

Acipenser oxyrhynchus 433

sletpenser rubicundus 378, 392, 396

Aetpenser sturio 374

Ambloplites rupestris 401, 436, 548, 78

Ameturus ncbulosus 399

Amia calva 392, 401, 432, 435, 436, 526, 548 787

Anguilla vulgaris 435

Anguilla chrysy pa 401, 435, 524, 546

A plidonotus grunnicns 381, 395

black bass 375, 379, 392, 395, 408, 524, 534

white bass 528, 529

blue-gill 408, 411

Boleosoma nigrum 319

bull-head 382, 408, 439

carp (German) 529

catfishes 786

cat (channel) 439

Catostomus commersonii 187

Catostontus teres 375

chub 431

Coregonus nigripinnis 437

Coregonus prognathus 437

Coregonus arledi 437

crappie (black) 528, 529

Cristivomer namaycush 437

Cyprinidae 408, 430

dace 395

dace (horned) 411

darter 395

Dorosoma cepedianum 545, 547

Eromyson sucelta oblongus 787

Esox lucius 392, 399, 401. 437, 546

Esox reticulatus 392,437, 524,5 29 (see Lucius)

Fundulus 655

Fundulus ocellaris 784

Gasterosteus 432

herring (lake) 527

Ictalurus punctatus 395, 401

Lepomis pallidus 785

Lepisosteus osscus 788

Lepisosteus platostomus 435, 436

Lepisosteus tristoechus 788

Lota lota 392

Lucioperca 392

Lucius masquinongy 787

wn

,

H. ]. VAN CLEAVE

Lucius reticulatus 788 (see Esox)

Micropterus dolomieu 374, 392, 398, 401, 436, 548, 785

Micropterus salmoides 392, 400, 436, 546

minnow 379, 395, 398, 408, 411

minnow (red-finned) 395

Moxostoma macrolepidotum 394

Perca flavescens A01, 524

perch 379, 395, 396, 399, 408, 411

pickerel 788

pike 408, 411, 521

pike (wall-eyed) 530

Plychochelius oregonensis 424

pumpkinseed 395, 411

rays 434

Roccus lineatus 375, 548, 785

rockbass 375, 379, 392, 395, 398, 408, £11

Salmo sebago 434, 437

salmonid fish 527

Saleclinus namaycush 392

shad 533

sharks 434

sheepshead 528

Silurida 439

Stisostedion canadense 788

Stizosledion vitreum 401

sturgeon 395

sturgeon (lake) 530

sucker 395, 431, 787

sunfish 375, 395, 411

teleosts 431, 524

trout 408, 431, 433, 550

trout (lake) 374

trout (Great Lake) 431, 527, 547, 548

whitefish 432, 521, 527,.547

INSECTA

insect 534, 851

insect larva: 528

lehaeta abbreviata. 539

Acridid 538, 540

Blaslurus cupidus 395

Blattidz 538

Gryllus (see Achzeta)

Hexagenia 395

Locustide 540

mayfly 395

Neobius fasciatus 539

CRUSTACEA crustacea 528, 534 Apus 411

DEPARTMENT OF METHODS

Copepoda 451, 523 crawfish 395, 401, 644 Cyclopide 442 Decapoda 842 Diaptomus 442 Isopoda 547 Ostracoda 451, 523 Palaemonetes 842 Palaemon 842

GASTROPODA snails 409, 415, 451 Campeloma decisum 416, 419, 420 Gasteropoda 417 Goniobasis virginiana 416 5 Helix albolabris 423 Helix allernata 423, 531 Helix arborea 411 Lymnaea 419 Lymnaca catascopium 411 Limnaea humilis 389 Lymnaea proxima 412, 417, 418, 419 Lymnaea reflexa 415, 422 Lymnaea stagnalis 411 Physa anatina 417

Physa gyrina 412, 417, 419, 420, 423, 424

Physa helerosiropha 411, 413 Planorbis parvus 413, 415 Planorbis trivolvis 413, 417, 420, 421

Pleurocera: elevatum 416 slugs 451

Succinea 423

Succinea ovalis 409

LAMELLIBRANCHLY Anodonta 379, 380 Fresh-water mussels 423, 851, 872 Unionide 421

ANNELIDA annelids 451, 521 earthworm 430

Lumbriculus 451 Tubificidæ 430

ROTATORIA rotifers 554 Albertia 589 Pleurotrocha 589

COELENTERATA

Hydra 287, 291

PORIFERA freshwater sponges 856

PROTOZOA colonial protozoa 856

199