JPRS 73829 11 July 1979 No. 2130

Sub-Saharan Africa Report


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JPRS 73829

1l July 1979


No. 2130



Zambia Borrows Six Locomotives From South Africa (SUNDAY TIMES OF ZAMBIA, 17 Jun 79). ....ccccccecees ]

Canadian Experts End Feasibility Studies on Malawi Rail Link (ZAMBIA DAILY MAIL, 18 Jun sp )PYYUTETILITETTTTrrr?T 2

Zambian, Zairian Committee Issues Joint Communique (TIMES OF ZAMBIA, 21 Jun » )POYYTTTITTTTTTTTrTrT Tre 4

Goods for Zambia Held Up at South African Ports, Rhodesia (TIMES OF ZAMBIA, 14 Jun 79). .ccccecececesesesesess 6

Zambia To Switch Kenyan Maize Imports From Road to Railway (TIMES OF ZAMBIA, 20 Jun p DPYYTTTTTTTTTTTTTTTrTT Tre 8

Construction of Bridge on Pedicle Road To Be Started Soon (ZAMBIA DALLY MAIL, 19 Jun TWpccccccececececececoces 9

CHAD Minister Notes Results of Visit to Neighboring Nations (Mahamat Saleh Ahmat Interview; INFO TCHAD, 21 May » ) PYYTTTELTILETITIUTTITTTTTrrreysrrrerrrrrrrrTee ll

Briefs Diesel Oil Shortage 14

-a- [III - NE & A =- 120]

CONTENTS (Continued)

Place of Private Sector in Economic Development Noted (LA SEMAINE AFRICAINE, 31 May-'5 Jun 79)......eeee0-

Briefs ACI-PRENSA LATINA Agreement


DPRK Delegation Leaves for Home (THE ETHIOPIAN HERALD, 13 Jun TO occcocecccoceeeesee

Aggregate Balance of Loans Granted by CBE Rose Last Year (THE ETHIOPIAN HERALD, 3 Jun 79)... cececccssesesees

USSR Aids Daily Development Project in Bahr Dar, Wereta (THE ETHIOPIAN HERALD, 6 Jun Tepcocececeseceeeceses

Report Identifies Areas of Food Shortage in Tigray Reg ion (THE ETHIOPIAN HERALD, 9 Jun 79)..cceeeecsesesevecs

Editorial Calls for Demilitarization of Indian Ocean (THE ETHIOPIAN HERALD, 10 Jun TOpcccccccocecececece

Afforestation Campaign To Begin Soon (THE ETHIOPIAN HERALD, 13 Jun 79). ..cscesesesesevecss

DPRK Team Completes Tour at Akaki Textile Mills (THE ETHIOPIAN HERALD, 9 Jun TBpccococecocecececece

Gojjam Chief Admiaistrator Calls for Vigilance (THE ETHIOPIAN HERALD, 14 Jun 79). .cccecscsevececes

Ethiopian-Soviet Inter-Governmental Commission Meets (THE ETHIOPIAN HERALD, 14 Jun 79). .cccececcsescseess

Church Rejects Egyptian Demand on Jerusalem Monastery (THE ETHIOPIAN HERALD, 14 Jun TOpccocececocececoees

Mengistu Addresses Graduates of Sendafa Police College (THE ETHIOPIAN HERALD, 17 Jun TDI ccococecececececes














CONTENTS (Continued) Page

Collectivization Said To Promote Better Living

Conditions (THE ETHIOPIAN HERALD, 19 Jun 79). ..ccccecsccceces 40 Ethiopian Airlines Expand Services (THE ETHIOPIAN HERALD, 16 Jun 79)... ccccccececes 42 Progress Being Made in Construction of Gore-Gambela Road (THE ETHIOPIAN HERALD, 17 Jun 79)... ccccececcceces 44 GDR Donates Educational Materials for Literacy Campaign (THE ETHIOPIAN HERALD, 19 Jun 79).....ccecececcees 46 Export of Coffee Shuws Marked Increase (THE ETHIOPIAN HERAID, 21 Jun /9). ccs ccccececcees 47 State Farm To Be Established in Itang, Gambela Province (THE ETHIOPIAN HERALD, 21 Jun 79)..ccececesecesees 49 Briefs Vehicle Assembly Plant 51 Athletes to GDR 51 Feeder Road 52 GABON Official Cites Figures on Country's Economic Perfor- mance (L' UNION, 21 Jun TI cccccececececececececccececoces 53 GHANA Economic Woes Not Liable To Be Solved Soon (LE MONDE, 22 Jun eT re rT Tr TTT TTT Tr 54 Briefs Food Situation 56 GUINEA-BISSAU Briefs

Portugal-Guinea-Bissau Agreement 57

CONTENTS (Continued)


Libya Reneges on Tea Deal

(LE PEUPLE, 31 May 95050660406 0060066666066860 0066


Honecker, Castro Congratulatory Messages to Machel (NOTICIAS, 26 May , ) PEYTTETTTITTITITTTTTTTTTrTrTTrrry

Importance of Central Committee Decisions Stressed (NOTICIAS, 16 Jun p ) PUTT TTTTTTTTT TTT TTTrrrrrrrrry

Provincial Meetings Stress Need To Foster Collective



General Population Census


Drought Damage, Problems in Hotel Sector Discussed (NOTICIAS, 28 May >) EYE TETETTTTTTyTy ser eoereeeneeerre

Set for 1980

Cashew Marketing Campaign Exceeds Goals

(NOTICIAS, 27 May Wp cccccececececececccesecececess

Briefs Komsomol Donation,

Hungarian Delegation

‘Angela’ Damages Overcome Sugar Production Difficulties

New Type Bread Acc


OMM Donation to Zimbabwe Refugees Delegation Back From Romania


National Assembly ‘Cabinet’ To Be All DTA (Barry Martens; THE WINDHOEK ADVERTISER,


Reaction” Shown to DTA‘'s

(THE WINDHOEK ADVERTISZR, various dates).....e+e++.


Anti-Apartheid Bill

Bill, by Barry Martens

Controversial Assembly Debate








72 72 73 73 74 74



CONTENTS (Cont inued)

Demonstrators: Away With Mudge, by Johann van Heerden

Violence at NP Meeting

Niehaus: A Sordid Measure, by Leon Kok

Political Polarization

Mudge: Barriers Must Go

Demonstrations for Apartheid, by Leon Kok

Luipert: Discrimination Breeds Communisa, by Leon Kok

du Plessis: Whites Humiliated, by Leon Kok

Kloppers Breaks With AKTUR, by Barry Martens

NNF Deplores AKTUR Methods, by Barry Martens

Kloppers Loses Vote, by Paul Lange

All-Race Land Bank Approved by National Assembly (THE WINDHOEX ADVERTISER, 11 Jun 79)....ccececcsees

Readers Object to Limiting People to Afrikaans (THE WINDHOEK ADVERTISER, 13 Jun 79)....ececesceees

Comparison to Soweto Backlash, by Olga Levinson University Should Be Multilingual, by Y.R. de Jongh

Whites Said Not Forced To Sell to Blacks (THE WINDHOEK ADVERTISER, 20 Jum 79). ..ccccesccees

Briefs Assistants to Administrator General Secret Unit Revealed NIGER

Kountche Interviewed on Defense Policy (REVUE AFRICAINE DE STRATEGIE, Jul-Sep 79).........


Minister Hits U.S. Administration for Lack of Africa Policy

(THE HERALD, 23 Jun TPpcccocccccecececececececeseces

Muzorewa Undecided on U.S. Trip (THE HERALD, 22 Jun D9) 6 lr wsevecececnes eee **ser @





93 93



CONTENTS (Continued) Page Professor Says Insecurity Plagues African Democracies (THE HERALD, 23 Jun Ta aee6eueesdedececeoubesenoeee 103

Prospects of Muzorewa-Kaunda Seen ‘Very Good" (THE HERALD, z3 Jun Te vacetecesececesoseoasecececs 104

Chikerema Planned to Take Over--UANC (THE HERALD, 23 Jun Fe cceseseeseseeeseseessersseos 106

Details on UANC Rift Given (THE HERALD, 22 Jun , )POTTTTTTTTLTTTTTrrrrrrrrrrTre 107

Lamont Speaks of Need for Forgiveness (THE HERALD, 18 Jun Te cccececoeeeeoooeeseevececes lll

Activities of Auxiliaries at Jambezi Described (THE HERALD, 18 Jun TAI pcccccecevecececeeeeeeeeeees 112

Education Officials Examine Problems (THE HERALD, 22 Jun p ) PEETTTTLITILTTTTTiTrrrsryyrrree 115

Deputy PM Hits at Black States

(THE HERALD, 22 Jun » ) PYYTTTTLTLTILTTITTTTTTTTTTre 117 Operations Claims UNICEF Medical Packs Found on Terrorists (THE HERALD, 23 Jun » ) PEYTTTTTITTITIELITITTTTTTTTyre 118

Lllegal Acquisition of Ivory Increases (THE HERALD, 23 Jun » ) PYETETELIULTILTITTTTrrrryryrrrye 119

Better Use of Land Proposed (Editorial; THE HERALD, 22 Jum 79). .ccesesecesess 120

Crop Price Compromise Reached (THE HERALD, 22 Jun TD ccccccecececececececececeocs 121

Experiments With Sunflower Seed Oil Reported (THE HERALD, 22 Jun » )PYYTTTTTITTTTTTrrrreyrrryrre 123

Sugar Price Increase Seen Possible (THE HERALD, 22 Jun » ) PYYTTELITITILITTTYTTTrryryryy 124

Briefs Bishop To Rename Official Residence 125 UANC Warns Officials 125

e fo

CONTENTS (Continued)

News Report on Mugabe Airline Renamed

UANC Hen Remanded

ZUPO Man Joins ZDP

Budget Day Set

Guard Killed in Action

Six ZANU Youths Jailed Auxiliary Force Men Jailed Air Force Men Honoured

New Flag, Anthem Planned Terror War Deaths

Call-up Plea by Industry Clampdown on Toy Firearms Rust’ers Claim Terror Influence Payment of Auxiliaries King’s Mine Casualties Trooper Killed


South Africa Not To Follow Rhodesia, Namibia Integration Path

(DIE TRANSVALER, 14 May 79). ccccecccccececeseces eee

More Soldiers Killed by Accidents Than in Combat

(DIE BURGER, 14 May 79).....ccccccccccccccccccceces

Communism Using Black Consciousness To Bring Down South Africa (DIE BURGER, 15 May p ) PPPTTUTITTTTTCTrryrryTrrTreTTee

Briefs Jobs for Servicemen


Brie.s Arbitrary Arrestr Denounced

Mulungushi UNIP Officials To Face Disciplinary Body (TIMES OF ZAMBIA, 19 Jun TO vccecocececece ef ff © *F

Mrs Phiri'’s, Mr Chafwe's Statements Mulungushi Affair Could Become Big, Editorial

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CONTENTS (Continued) Page

British Press Effort To Move Commonwealth Sumit Rapped (Editorial; ZANBIA DAILY MAIL, 18 Jun 79)........6-. 14]

Preparations for Commonwealth Continuing (TIMES OF ZAMBIA, 14 Jun 79). cccccccccseccseceseces 143

Council To Collect Debts Owed by Public, Private Bodies (ZAMB LA DAILY MALL, 18 Jun Tec ccececoeeceoeoococes 144

District Governor States He Will Never Apologize to NUCIW (ZAMBIA DAILY MAIL, 19 Jun ) POYTTTTTITTTTTTrTrryryry. 146

"Africans Think Only European Languages Can Aid Development’ (ZAMSLA DAILY MAIL, 19 Jun )PYYTYTLTLILITTTTTTrre: 147

Zambia's Debt Record Claimed To Be ‘Among Best’ (TIMES OF ZAMBIA, 20 Jun )PYYTTTTTILITITTTTrryrrye 148

Teachers Strike To Back Up Housing Demands (TIMES OF ZAMBIA, 21 Jun 79). .ceccsesnsssaresesees 149

Tribal Divisions Said To Rock Party Branches (ZAMBIA DAILY MAIL, 15 Jun 79). cccsecesececeseseces 150

Interference in Public Finance Institutions ‘Rife’ (TIMES OF ZAMBIA, 15 Jun » ) PRYTTTTTTTTTrTerrrryrrre 152

Top ZNDF Officer Asks Educated Zambians To Join Force (TIMES OF ZAMBIA, 16 Jun TO voccecececececoes ee ee .*, 154

MUZ Demanding Wage Increases for Members (ZAMBIA DAILY MAIL, 16 Jum 79). ccccccsccvecesececes 155

Further Developments in Dismissal of Four MP's Fro= Mines (ZAMBIA DAILY MAIL, 20 Jun 79)..... © eccces ocececes 156

Cabinet Secretary Denies Dismissal Order Truth Must Come Out, Editorial

Strikers Defy Ultimatum (TIMES OF ZAMBIA, 14 Jun 79)... .cccccccuces ececcccce 160

CONTENTS (Continued) Page

Striking Sugar Workers Keturn to Work in Ndola (Various sources, 15, 16 Jum 79).......ee0-- occcecece 16]

Chitangala Says Workers Misinformed Sugar Workers’ Strike ‘Senseless’, Editorial

Ministry, Council React Sharply to ZNUT Housing Ultimatum (TIMES OF ZAMBIA, 14 Jun 79). cccccccceccrecseseceses 164

Government Accepts Irish Board's Master Plan on Tourism (TIMES OF ZAMBIA, Jun 79)... cccccscccserssesesess 165

Details of Master Plan Plan Notes Problems Hindering Tourism, by Brian Lombe ZNTB‘'s Conversion to Parastatal Praised, Editorial

Missions Increase S‘aff, Install Electronic Equipment (TIMES OF ZAMBIA, ll Jun FE 066460680600.066800086004 169

Government Should Consider Tough Measures To Conserve Fuel (Editorial; TIMES OF ZAMBIA, 16 Jum 79). ..scseseeecs 171

Congestion of Southern Route Must Be Overcome (Editorial; TIMES OF ZAMBIA, 15 Jun 79)....eseeeees 173

Fifty Percent of Food Wasted Every Year (TIMES OF ZAMBIA, 21 Jun » ) PEYTTTETITITTTTITTTTTTTe 175

Parastatals Said To Have Contributed to Goods Shortage (ZAMBIA DAILY MAIL, 20 Jun TE coccccccecececeooeoees 176

Tanzanian Border Closure Delays Kenyan Maize Exports to Zambia (ZAMBIA DAILY MAIL, 16 Jum 79) ccccesesceessee re race 177

Kenyan High Commissioner's Statement Kenya, Tanzania Should Resolve Differences, Aid Zambia, Editorial

Chipata District's Maize Production Declines (ZAMB LA DAILY MAIL, 18 Jun bp ) PET TTTLITPIOTTTrrrryrrTrTe 18]

CONTENTS (Continued) Page Maize Stocks Dwindle, Donors Asked To Speed Delivery (TIMES OF ZAMBIA, 13 Jun Feb ececesececoseeousoesess 182

Namboard Manager's Statement Drastic Action Needed To A\oid Famine,


Minister Warns Poachers

(ZAMBIA DAILY MAIL, 18 Jum 79)... cecccccccsecesesss 185 Official Notes Problems Hindering Wildlife Service

(TIMES OF ZAMBIA, 18 Jun , ) PETTTTTITLTTTTTTTTTTT ey 186 ZSBS Makes Pretax Profit Despite Problems

(ZAMBIA DAILY MAIL, ll Jun TDrccccocesccececececes 187 Airport Construction Abandoned Temporarily

(ZAMBIA DAILY MAIL, 19 Jun TD cccccccecececececccs 190 Briefs

Price of Newspapers Increased 191



Lusaka SUNDAY TIMES OF ZAMBIA in English 17 Jun 79 p 1

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[Text] Zambia may next year have a rail link to Malawi if feasibility studies on the project just concluded by a Canadian team of experts prove viable.

First Secretary for Development in the Canadian High Commission, Mr John Licharson, said over the weekend that the team which had been gathering data on the project in March and April this year had now concluded its work and was now back in Canada.

He said: "The Canadian team which understood the preliminary design and economic feasibility assessment of the rail link between Chipata in Zambia and Mchinji in Malawi from March to April this year concluded all the work on May 17 and are now back in Canada where the study is being written up."

He added that the report was expected to be handed over to the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) any time this week after which it would be given to the Zambian Government before the end of this month.

During the feasibility studies, the Canadian team of experts travelled exten- sively in Zambia, Malawi and Mozambique.

According to Mr Licharson, the first alternative is to build the line from Mchinji in Malawi up to the Eastern provincial headquarter town of Chipata in Zambia. However, there are problems with this plan. It would need about K10 million to construct the rail line up to Chipata.

The second alternative is to build the rail line up to the Zambian border and set terminal facilities across the international boundary on the Zambian side.

The third alternative is to decide not to build the link at all, something Mr Licharson said was unlikely to happen in view of the importance both Governments attached to the project.

Mr Licharson said that it was hoped the Zambian Government would make a quick decision on the project as soon as the report of the experts was handed to them.

Already, 15 Canadian Railway experts are in Malawi working on the Lilongwe- Mchinji stretch. After that, they would carry on the scheme up to the cambian border regardless of the decision that would be made by the Zambian Government on the project.

Mr Licharson said that earthwork on the link up to Zambian border would be completed in December this year and it would take another two months to lay the railway tracks.

Early this year, Malawian President, Dr Kamuzu Banda, officially opened the Salima-Lilongwe rail link and said that the ultimate plan was to built it up to the Zambian border.

In December last year, the Canadian High Commissioner to Zambia, Mr Victor Moore, said that his country, in consultation with the Zambian Government, was exploring the construction of a rail link from Chipata in the Eastern

Province to Mchinji in Malawi to improve one of Zambia's routes to the sea.

If constructed, Zambia's imports and exports through the ports of Nacala,

Beira and Maputo ports in Mozambique would be transported entirely by rail up to Chipata before it is hauled by road to and from the country's urban


At the moment, the European Economic Community (EEC) is carrying out studies into Zambia's transport routes.

CSO: 4420



[Text] Experts from the Zambian and Zairean governments are to visit dis- puted Morilo between lakes Mweru and Tanganyika before August 15 to ascertain the boundary line.

This was recommended by the third session of the Zambia/Zaire permanent commission which met in Kitwe this week.

A joint communique released after a three-day meeting recommended that subcommittee of experts should visit the area to ascertain the line.

The committee was expected to report its findings to the next session of the commission scheduled to be held in Zaire in November.

The border dispute was first raised in June 1974 during a meeting in Lubumbashi when Zaire claimed that Morilo was part of its territory, but the Zambian delegation, led by former Copperbelt minister and now Zambia's high commissioner to India, Mr Axon Chalikulima, refused to be drawn into the discussion.

Observers at the time thought that the Zaire claim was likely to have been prompted by the discovery of copper deposits by American prospectors on their side of the border.

In September, 1973, two British geologists working about eight kilometres inside Zambia near the Western shores of lake Tanganyika were arrested by Zairean troops.

On security and immigration, the two sides which were led by Minister of

Works and Supply, Mr Haswell Mwale and Commissioner for Public Works and

Territorial Planning, Mr Mushobekwa Kalimba wa Katana of Zaire, agreed to co-operate fully to ensure and enforce security.

The commission, accepted the principle of restitution of goods seized in either country and decided that there should be an agreement in customs excise to set a “modus operandi" for retrieving seized goods.

lt also noted with satisfaction the progress made to expedite the construc- tion of the Chembe Bridge and the tarring of the pedicle road.

Zambia set aside about K100,000 while Zaire nad deposited about K56,000 tor the two projects, said Mr Mwale.

Earlier, Minister of Finance and Technical Co-operation, Mr Joshua Lumina, who attended the meeting, said it was important that the recommendations be implemented.

CSO: 4420




Lusaka TIMES OF ZAMBIA in English 14 Jun 79 p 1

(Text) MORE than 100,000 tonnes of maize,

fertiliser, wheat and potato seed and other destined for Zambia are held up at

South African ports and inside Rhodesia.

Zambia Railways assistant general mana- ger, Mr Richard Veenis, confirmed this yesterday and said: ‘*We had talks on the backlog last week in South Africa and there is a lot of traffic for Zambia.

“But we are going to handle it although we have some problems of locomotive engines.’’

Among goods held up is equipment for the mines.

Mr Veenis said in Kabwe:

“There is a lot of traffic waiting to be moved."’

close to the South Africa Railways said: ‘The bottle- neck is inside Zambia where there are 2,000 South Africa Railways wagons waiting to be off-loaded.

The South Africa Railways cannot move more until all these wagons been


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Governmeni wanted a guaran- tee from the British govern- ment on the future safety of the pontoon at Kazungula before reopening it to inter- national traffic.



Lusaka TIMES OF ZAMBIA in English 20 Jun 79 p l

[Excerpt] ZAMBIA Is to switch her import ro from road to railway when bringing maize from Kenya as a means of down on the Works and Supply, Mr Haswell Mwale

import bill,

announced in Kitwe yesterday.

Mr Mwale, who was attending the Zambia- Zaire joint permanent commission meeting, said in an interview that it would cost K27 per bag of maize when it arrived in Zambia by road compared with K15 if it was transported by rail.

if the maize was brought in by road, it would mean in- creasing the price of mealice meal to offset the expenses, the minister explained.

Under the new arrange- ment, 1 ty my would be

Kenyan ~j to Dar es Saleam from where it would be loaded on to Tazara.

He a gy bh border problem

Kenya and Tanzania which has allegedly delayed the transportation of maize by road through Tanzania.



Kenyan high commissioner to Zambia, Mr Ochieng Adaia. said last week that Zambian. bound maize could not be transported from his country because of the border closure between Kenya and Tanzania.

But Mr Mwale said even if the border were . Zambia would not like to have the maize transported by road because the exercise was “very expensive.

The minister said that “after all"’ the maize had not yet been bought. Kenya. he said, had only indicated that she would sell Zambia about 100,000 tonnes of maize

Minister of Finance and Technical Co-operation, Mr Joshua Lumina, who was with Mr Mwale during the inter- view, said the maize would cost about KIS per bag if it was shipped from Mombasa to Dar es Salaam and by rail to Zambia.

Mr Mwale announced that the contingency planning com- mittee would mect in Lusaka svon to plan how maize from various countrics would be

cor of

brought into the country.

The committee would plan in such a way that congest at ports with Zambian-bound




[Text] The construction of the Chembe bridge over the Luapula River on the Pedicle Road is to start soon, chairman of the current Zambia-Zaire Permanent Joint Commission, Mr Evans Willima, said in Kitwe yesterday.

Mr Willima «aid construction had been delayed because of certain problems, but these would be sorted out at the commission's current session when the firs of engineers, which will do the construction of the bridge makes a full report to the commission.

The contract to construct the bridge was awarded to a Zairean firm known as SEASAF, and the initial cost of making the bridge was estimated at K6 million in 1976. The company is based in Kitwe.

With the ever rising cost of construction materials, the cost could now be well over K10 million, a Zambian delegation source said.

The source said the money for the bridge project was available, and the Zambian Government had already given the SEASAF K100,000 to “get started.”

When the bridge is finally constructed, it will save the people of Luapula Province, the problems of crossing the river at Chembe on ferries which, sometimes break down when people want to travel.

Another project, which is of interest to the Zambian delegation is the tarring of the Mokambo Pedicle Road, which is currently being maintained by the Zambian Government.

But the Zambian sources at the commission's meeting, could not say how much the project would cost.

The Pedicle Road, which runs through Mokambo border post, is about 67 km up to Chembe where the bridge will be built.

Meanwhile, Zambians will also ask the Zaire authorities about the Zairean police “hot-pursuing" Zambians, who are suspected of committing offences in Zaire.

Mr Willima, said this when he commented on reports that Zairean police have been “hot-Pursuing™ Zambians, who have been suspected of having committed offences while passing through the Pedicle Road or border areas.

Mr Willima said although the Zambian delegation had no reports of this nature, the matter will be raised when the commission discusses border security and immigration issues.

Commenting on the same issue, Copperbelt permanent secretary, Mr Jordan Munkanta, said he had hear-say reports and it is likely there might be no truth in thea.

Mr Munkanta said if the people who were “hot-pursued"” by the Zairean police had reported the matter to the office of Member of the Central Committee for the Copperbelt Province, things could heve been sorted out with the Zairean Consul-General, who is based in Ndola.

He called on any one who had been “hot-pursued" to report to the MCC's office in Ndola so that the issue could be taken up with the office of Zairean Consul-General.

“These hear-say reports do a lot of harm to our excellent relations which we enjoy with our sister republic of Zaire,” he explained.

CSO: 64620



[Interview with Mahamat Saleh Ahmat, minister of finance, by Salet Gaba, ro late given]

[Text] SG: Mr Minister, you have just returned from 4 trip which took you to certain African countries. Can you give us a preliminary assessment of that trip?

MSA: Yes, as a matter of fact we have just returned from a trip to certain neighboring and friendly countries--1 would say four neighboring and friendly ountries: Nigeria, Cameroon, Niger and the Central African Empire. And I can tell you immediately that for us the assessment of that trip is satirc- fuctory because we accomplished our mission. The mission assigned to the lwlegation was to inform the governments of those countries of the situatior prevailing in Chad and also to explain the events which have taken place since Kano 2. Therefore, for us, as I have said, the mission was well accomplished. The objective was attained as it was a question for us of giving information about and explaining the position of Chad and of affirming the desire of Chad for its independence and its opening up to the world.

G: That trip had its difficult moments, as it is known that Niger refused to receive you officially?

MSA: The only thing I can tell you is that in an official way Niger and in particular President Kountche did not refuse *to receive the Chadian delera- tion. What we were told officially was first that because of « lack of com- munication between Chad and Niger we could not be announced in Niamey, and second the Niger chief of state's calendar was too full for him to receive us during this short stay. And we were told that by the minister of foreign affairs who received us--the acting minister of foreign affairs--who did indeed receive us and who gave the message from the Chadian chief of stats to President Kountche. Consequently, what was announced on the radio are reports which for us are unofficial since they did not quote any source


whatever. In any event, the only thing I can tell you is that those reports are binding on no one except their authors, as we did not go there in search of recognition of the Chadian Goverment by those countries. We went there simply to inform them, to explain the situation inasmuch as recognition is somethime which we seek from our people and only our people. Therefore, we feel that this aspect of the question is secondary in the face of Chadian realities.

GG: The welcome in Nigeria also was not warm?

MSA: I would not say that the welcome was not warm; however, | will say simply that there is much resemblance between our mission to Nigeria and to Niger. As @ matter of fact, in both of those countries we were welcomed by the respective ministers of foreign affairs. We had discussions with them, and it was to them that we gave the personal message of the chief of state. Consequently, the discussions were at the ministerial level and were not elevated to a higher plane. Those things happen. As far as we are con- cerned, on the protocol level, I would even say that those things are per- haps logical; however, we are not making a big thing of it. And once again, what interests us is the internal problem of Chad with respect to the Chadian people.

SG: According to rumors making the rounds in town, you abandoned your plan to visit Sudan and Libya. Can you confirm those rumors, Mr Minister?

MSA: That I can give the lie to immediately. As far as Sudan is concerned it was another delegation, the one scheduled to visit the Arab countries and headed by my colleague Mhayar, which was to have finished its mission by visiting Sudan. As far as Libya is concerned, it was never a question of our mission's visiting Libya. I consider that the exclusive responsibility of the government and only the government.

SG: Specifically, Mr Minister, how would you describe the attitude of the countries you visited as a whole?

MSA: | would say that the attitude of all the countries is in spite of every- thing @ comprehensive attitude, a positive attitude toward the Chadian people and goverrment. In fact, in some of those countries, we received an extremely warm welcome. We received the greatest understanding from the highest authori- ties of those countries with regard to the people and also with regard to the government of the National Union of Transition. Therefore, as far as we are concerned, all those countries are waiting in fact to see which direction we are going to take; and for them, what counts is the people and the government of the National Union of Transition which is to lead the country.

SG: Has the Kano 3 meeting been set now that you have returned?


le . . “3 “nis ry eting. revert! le s Think that tere nave tt tner olls Dm at ww av ~asic ¢ mn the radic sie only thing an tell you is that first holding of m«cting depends on the one hand on the mission of th

nqQuiry cOMficsion wi ; * DOW Q@Morg ub here and which is to make an inguiry

nto the politica!-military presence of the other parties. And then. the ling of the meeting also depends on other external factors. Notal ly in

tnat regard | should like to make reference to the m idling which most of the ‘ime has to be an obstacle to the holding of such a meeting. Therefore. no mate nas been set. The date will be set in common agreement between th: gerian and the Chadian govermments as well as with the consensus of other neighboring countries




DIESEL OIL SHORTAGE--(ATP)--Ndjamena is in danger of a diesel oil shortage in the near future. Stocks now available in the capital total 1,000 m>; i.e., 1 million liters. The STEE [Chadian Electric Energy Company] uses 40,000 liters per day. This information was released after a visit to the STEE last Saturday by the minister of public works, mines and geology. The 1,000 m3, if they were to be utilized entirely by the STEE, would only be sufficient to permit operation of the power plant for a period of 25 days. Also, power cuts must be expected momentarily; i.e., priority service by sectors. [Text] [Ndjamena INFO TCHAD in French 30 May 79 p 2] 8143

C50: 4400




[Text] The president-director general of the SCOA [Western African Trading Company]--a transnational company and one of the principal stockholders of the CSSO [expansion unknown]--was received on 21 May by the chief of state, Col Denis Sassou-Nguesso. The president-director general, Georges Nesterinco, said that he had accepted an invitation from the president of the People's Republic of the Congo to discuss the future participation of the CSSO in the country's economic projects.

Nesterinco said that the chief of state had described to him the principal focuses of development which the next Council of Administration of the SCOA will consider.

"The Results of the Third Extraordinary Congress of the PCT Were Distorted”

The talk between the chief of state and the SCOA president-director general took place after the meeting between the prime minister and representatives of the national and foreign economic sectors, which was held on 18 May in the Brazzaville town hall.

After a quick review of the resolutions of the Third Extraordinary Congress of the Congolese Labor Party [PCT], Col Louis-Sylvain Goma stated that this had been a congress of “clarification not only on the ideological and polit- ical level but also on the economic level. Therefore, at the end of its deliberations we feel that all the ambiguities which were knowingly main- tained with respect to the nature of Congolese economic development and concerning the respective places of the state, the private sectors and the joint sector have now been removed. Although this clarification which responded to the desire of all the economic and social agents was clearly perceived and well received by them, some sectors in an effort at denigra- tion have cynically undertaken a crude campaign to distort the results